Yoga and Meditation

Home / Start Your Journey / Yoga and Meditation

What’s a Chakra?

Chakra is a Sanskrit word meaning wheel, or vortex, and it refers to each of the seven energy centers of which our consciousness, our energy system, is composed.

These chakras, or energy centers, function as pumps or valves, regulating the flow of energy through our energy system. The functioning of the chakras reflects decisions we make concerning how we choose to respond to conditions in our life. We open and close these valves when we decide what to think, and what to feel, and through which perceptual filter we choose to experience the world around us.

The chakras are not physical. They are aspects of consciousness in the same way that the auras are aspects of consciousness. The chakras are more dense than the auras, but not as dense as the physical body. They interact with the physical body through two major vehicles, the endocrine system and the nervous system. Each of the seven chakras is associated with one of the seven endocrine glands, and also with a group of nerves called a plexus. Thus, each chakra can be associated with particular parts of the body and particular functions within the body controlled by that plexus or that endocrine gland associated with that chakra.
All of your senses, all of your perceptions, all of your possible states of awareness, everything it is possible for you to experience, can be divided into seven categories. Each category can be associated with a particular chakra. Thus, the chakras represent not only particular parts of your physical body, but also particular parts of your consciousness.

When you feel tension in your consciousness, you feel it in the chakra associated with that part of your consciousness experiencing the stress, and in the parts of the physical body associated with that chakra. Where you feel the stress depends upon why you feel the stress. The tension in the chakra is detected by the nerves of the plexus associated with that chakra, and transmitted to the parts of the body controlled by that plexus. When the tension continues over a period of time, or to a particular level of intensity, the person creates a symptom on the physical level.

The symptom speaks a language that reflects the idea that we each create our reality, and the metaphoric significance of the symptom becomes apparent when the symptom is described from that point of view. Thus, rather than saying, “I can’t see,” the person would describe it as keeping themselves from seeing something. “I can’t walk,” means the person has been keeping themselves from walking away from a situation in which they are unhappy. And so on.

The symptom served to communicate to the person through their body what they had been doing to themselves in their consciousness. When the person changes something about their way of being, getting the message communicated by the symptom, the symptom has no further reason for being, and it can be released, according to whatever the person allows themselves to believe is possible.
We believe everything is possible.

We believe that anything can be healed. It’s just a question of how to do it.
Understanding the chakras allows you to understand the relationship between your consciousness and your body, and to thus see your body as a map of your consciousness. It gives you a better understanding of yourself and those around you.

What are Seven Chakras?

Welcome to the subtle world of the chakras – the human energy system. For sure, the chakras are not something physical, we can’t see them. They are aspects of our consciousness. But, chakras help us to understand the close relationship between our consciousness and our body, or what we call as the mind-body relationship.

There is an aura of mysticism surrounding the chakras. Whenever we talk of chakra, we get the illusion of the energy pattern leading to spiritual alchemy. But how many of us are really aware that chakras healing can go beyond ‘psychic’ or spiritual and heal our physical body?

“The Life-giving Orange Ray of the Cosmos permeates my being by way of the solar plexus filling me with vitality and the joy of life, revivifying my glands, recharging my etheric body, and rejuvenating every atom and particle of my being.” – S.G.J. Ouseley

Seven Chakras Colors

Chakras or the ‘whirling disk’ or ‘wheel’ are the psychoactive energy centers in the human body. These are directly associated with physical, mental and emotional health of a person. There are many chakras in the human body but only seven of them constitute the main energy centers. All seven chakras have their own particular color, light and specific number of ‘petals’ or segments around the perimeter of the chakra circle. These are the colors we see in the rainbow – violet, indigo, green, yellow, orange and red. Each of these seven chakras vibrates with a specific frequency related to their color. The decisions we make and how we perceive and respond to conditions in our life is regulated by these vibrations.


Here’s a simple explanation of where the chakras are located and how the vital life force flows.

The life force (prana, chi, or simply energy of the subtle body) flows through the ShushumnaNadi corresponding to the spinal cord of the physical body.

To the left of Shushumna is the Ida channel which carries the feminine or lunar energy. Ida corresponds to the left side of the body and the right brain. It controls the mental processes.

To the right of Shushumna is the Pingala channel which carries the masculine or sun energy. Pingala corresponds to the right side of the body and left brain. It controls the vital processes.

Ida and Pingala are very much like the negative and positive charges of electricity flowing through complex circuits.

Ida and Pingala twist around the Shushumna very similar to that of the Caduceus symbol (sometimes used as symbol for doctors).

The points on the Shushumna where Ida and Pingala cross each other form the energy centers called Chakras.

In a healthy body, the energy flow is harmonious and all the chakras are in equilibrium. In the blocked chakras (similar to a blocked artery), the energy does not flow harmoniously. This results in imbalance of the chakras.

The physical manifestation of each chakra is through specific glands/nerves in the endocrine system and the nervous system. An imbalance in the chakras is expressed through these systems resulting in physical and mental illness.

1. Root Chakra or the Muladhara

Location: Below the sacrum bone (base of the spine)

Endocrine System: Adrenal glands

Organs/System Affected: Large intestine and rectum; some influence the function of kidneys, muscular system, and the fat cells.

Deficiency/Excess: Disorders of the bowel and large intestine, eating disorders, depression and immune related disorders, chronic lower back pain, and lack of energy.

2. Spleen Chakra or the Svadishthana

Location: Lower abdomen

Endocrine System/Hormonal Gland: Pancreas

Organs/System Affected: Liver, kidneys, and the lower abdomen.

Deficiency/Excess: Chronic back pain, sciatica, loss of appetite, blood cancer, diabetes; dysfunction of reproductive organs, spleen, and urinary system.

3. Solar Plexus Chakra or the Manipura

Location: Solar plexus (below the diaphragm)

Endocrine System: Pancreas and the adrenal glands

Organ/System Affected: Respiratory system, the digestive system, the lower back, the sympathetic nervous system, the pancreas, spleen, and the liver.

Deficiency/Excess: Stomach and liver problems leading to digestive disorders, diabetes, pancreatitis, arthritis, and allergy.

4. Heart Chakra or the Anahata

Location: Chest

Endocrine System: The thymus gland

Organ/System Affected: Heart and circulatory system, the pulmonary system, the immune system, upper back, shoulders and arms.

Deficiency/Excess: Disorders of the heart or lungs, asthma, allergies, immune deficiency problems, and tension between shoulder blades.

5. Purification Chakra or the Vishuddhi

5. Purification Chakra or the Vishuddhi

Location: Throat

Endocrine System: The thyroid and the parathyroid glands

Organ/System Affected: Throat, neck, mouth, teeth and gums, ears, muscles.

Deficiency/Excess: Chronic throat problems, mouth ulcers, laryngitis and thyroid problems, ear infections, headaches, and pain in the neck and shoulders.

6. Third Eye Chakra or the Ajna

Location: Between the brows.

Endocrine System: Pituitary and the pineal glands.

Organ/System Affected: Brain, nervous system, eyes, ears, nose and the sinuses.

Deficiency/Excess: Headaches, ear and eye problems, brain tumor, stroke, neurological disturbances, learning disabilities, and spinal disorders.

7.Crown Chakra or the Sahasrara

Location: The crown of the skull

Endocrine System/Nervous system: Pineal gland in the brain / central nervous system

Organ/System affected: Cerebrum, top of the spinal cord, brain stem, pain center and nerves.

Deficiency/Excess: Constant sense of frustration, no joy, destructive feelings, migraine headaches and depression. Excess of energy in this chakra causes confusion, spiritual addiction, and dissociation from body.

Chakra Balancing

Chakra balancing is a common form of energy healing. The following techniques are beneficial in harmonizing chakras:


Yoga, Reiki, Meditation

Color therapy, Sound therapy

Hypnosis and Positive affirmations

Always having a positive attitude in life
Physical exercise

“Our remedies oft in ourselves do lie Which we ascribe to heaven” (William Shakespeare in All’s Well That Ends Well)

“Chakra” is a Sanskrit word literally meaning “wheel.” These centers were named as such because of the circular shape to the spinning energy centers which exist in our subtle etheric body, the non-material energetic counterpart to our physical body. There are seven main chakras and they are located along the spine extending out the front and back of the body. Each chakra has a number of specific qualities that correspond to the refinement of energy from the base-level material-self identity, located at the first chakras, up to the higher vibration spirit-level awareness of being at our crown. These energetic centers represent our highest level of integration split, prism like, into a spectrum of colors. Our opportunity in studying them is to learn how to master each chakra’s essence and unite them all into a unified field of brilliance. As such, we re-unite our disparate parts into a radian light of full self-awareness.
The chakras are formed at the junction of three connected energy shafts that ascend the spine, one on each side of the central channel, the Shushumna. The two lesser channels of energy — the Pingala on the right and Ida on the left — run parallel to the spinal cord. Chakras both take up and collect prana (life force energy) and transform and pass on energy. Our material bodies could not exist without them for they serve as gateways for the flow of energy and life into our physical bodies.
Each chakra is associated with a certain part of the body and a certain organ which it provides with the energy it needs to function. Additionally, just as every organ in the human body has its equivalent on the mental and spiritual level, so too every chakra corresponds to a specific aspect of human behavior and development. Our circular spirals of energy differ in size and activity from person to person. They vibrate at different levels relative to the awareness of the individual and their ability to integrate the characteristics of each into their life. The lower chakras are associated with fundamental emotions and needs, for the energy here vibrates at a lower frequency and is therefore denser in nature. The finer energies of the upper chakras corresponds to our higher mental and spiritual aspirations and faculties.
The openness and flow of energy through our chakras determines our state of health and balance. Knowledge of our more subtle energy system empowers us to maintain balance and harmony on the physical, mental and spiritual level. All meditation and yoga systems seek to balance out the energy of the chakras by purifying the lower energies and guiding them upwards. Through the use of grounding, creating “internal space,” and living consciously with an awareness of how we acquire and spend our energy we become capable of balancing our life force with our mental, physical and spiritual selves.
In order for us to become fully self-realized and in harmony with our physical and spiritual nature our denser lower energies need to be harmonized with the lighter energies of the upper centers. This is to say our survival and base tendencies have to be raised to incorporate a heart-felt spiritual focus expressed in all areas of our being. Indeed, each of the upper-level energies corresponds and refines a lower level counterpart: 7th with 1st, 6th with 2nd, 5th with 3rd. In the center of our being is full integration into the heart.
Each center has an integral function in creating our energetic balance. It is through the study of our energetic and physical being that we can create health, emotional stability and spiritual bliss. The following chart maps out the primary qualities of each chakra, its corresponding location in the body, color, physical and emotional realms of influence, and its greater significance.


Crown Chakra Sahasrara
Top of the head

Symbol is the thousand-petaled lotus

Spirit Shiva/ Consciousness
Unification of colors
Intelligence / Bliss of
Divine Wisdom
Pineal gland
Upper brain and right eye
Gem = Pearl Planet = Pluto
Spiral pair = root chakra 7/1
Excessive: cult leader, ego maniac
Deficient: no spiritual inspiration/aspiration
This chakra represents the highest level of consciousness and enlightenment. It is the connective center to spirit. This center integrates all the chakras with their respective qualities. Mastering the lower vibrational aspects of our being we reside in the full awareness that we are spiritual beings living a human existence


Third Eye Chakra



Seed mantra = Aum

Symbol is a descending triangle within a circle

Knowingness / Intuition / Perception
Self Mastery, wisdom, imagination
Pituitary gland, spine, lower brain,
left eye, nose and the ears
Gem = Diamond Planet = Sun
Sense = Sixth sense, higher mind
Spiral pair = sacral chakra 6/2
Excessive: overly intellectual; overly analytical
Deficient: unclear thought; deluded

The seat of intuition and direct spiritual vision; it is here that we visualize things through our “third eye” of intuitive knowledge. The opening of the third-eye corresponds with spiritual awakening. It is the chakra of forgiveness and compassion.


TThroat Chakra


Light Blue

Seed mantra = Hum
Symbol is a circle within a descending triangle

Ether Communication / Creativity
Sound / Intuition / Synthesis
Self expression / Desire to speak and hear the truth
Thyroid gland, throat, upper lungs,
arms, digestive track
Gem = Sapphire Planet = Saturn
Sense = Hearing
Spiral pair = solar chakra 5/3
Excessive: willful, controlling, judgmental, hurtful speech
Deficient: lacking faith, unable to creatively express, silent child

The center for communication, self-expression and creativity. This is where the inner voice of one’s truth is expressed. It is the chakra of diplomacy, of pure relationships with others, and of playful detachment. Speaking with a knowledge of our interconnectivity through Spirit reflects mastery of this energy.


Heart Chakra

Center of chest
Green / Pink
Seed mantra = Yum
Symbol is intertwined descending and ascending triangles

Air Compassion / Love / open-hearted desire for self-acceptance
balance emotions, harmony, place of integration
Thymus, heart, liver, lungs, blood circulation
Gem = Ruby Planet = Venus
Sense = touch Spiral pair = the center 4/4
Excessive: inappropriateemotional expression; poor emotional boundaries
Deficient: ruthless, no heart, can’t feel emotions

The center of real, unconditional affection, spiritual growth, compassion, devotion and love. It is the bridge connecting the lower and higher energies of our being and is the place where resides our Spirit, our true Self, free and independent.

Solar Plexus Chakra Manipura
“Illustrious gem” Slightly above the naval
Yellow Seed mantra = Ram
Symbol is a descending triangle

Fire Will / Power / Joy / Motivation self-esteem transformation,
identification / mastery will over your own light power in
relationship with others vitality, energy standing steady in your
own self desire to express individuality Pancreas, stomach,
liver, gall-bladder Gem = Emerald Planet = Jupiter
Sense = sight Spiral pair = throat chakra 3/5
Excessive: egotistical, self-absorbed;
ambitious self-driven warrior, desire to take control
Deficient: poor self-worth; sensitive servant;
feels disliked; martyr; needing to “do” all the time

Located at the center of the body it is the place where physical energy is distributed. It is the center for unrefined emotions and personal power. It is the center that give us the sense of complete satisfaction and contentment. Our creativity is fueled by our power of will.


Sacral Chakra Swadhishtana
Slightly below naval
Orange Seed mantra = Vam
Symbol= up-turned crescent

Water Relationships / Sexuality / Empathy
Pleasure / Well-being connection, delight
emotions, feeling, polarity, change
Gonads and reproductive organs, legs
Gem = Amethyst
Planet = Mercury
Sense = taste
Spiral pair = third eye 2/6
Excessive: manipulative,
controlling, lustful, addictive
Deficient: co-dependent, martyr, submissive, doesn’t feel anything,
shut down

This energy is the center for creating relationships of all kinds. It is where we develop an inward sense of self and an outward awareness of others, ego, sexuality, and family and defined as we work with this energy. The feelings of other people are directly perceived through mastery of this chakra’s energy.


Root Chakra
Base of Spine Red
Seed mantra = Lam
Symbol = Square

Shakti / Manifestation
Survival / Grounding / Stability
gravitation drawing into a point
trust, survival, self preservation
root support, desire to be
in the physical world
Sense = smell
Suprarenal glands, prostate
Kidneys, bladder, spine
Gem = Coral
Planet = Mars
Spiral pair = crown chakra 1/7
Excessive: overly possessive; fearful parent
Deficient: homeless; ungrounded; victim

The seat of physical vitality and the fundamental urge to survive. It regulates those mechanism which keep the physical body alive. It is the chakra whose main aspect is innocence.